First, before we dive deeper into artificial intelligence, let's start by going through its history. How have things progressed, and how did we get to where we are now. We'll go through some of the major AI developments that happened along the way.
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The British mathematician Alan Turing applies his theories to prove that a computing machine, known as a 'Turing machine', would be capable of executing cognitive processes. This laid the foundation for what we call artificial intelligence today.
Alan Turing creates the Turing test (originally known as the Imitation game), with the goal of testing a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from a human.
During the same year, Isaac Asimov devised the 3 rules of robotics.
A program capable of playing checkers was written by Christopher Strachey, while a chess-playing program was written by Dietrich Prinz.
Joseph Weizenbaum (MIT) invents 'ELIZA', the first interactive chatbot in history
‘NETtalk’ program was taught to speak by inputting sample sentences and phoneme chains. It is one of the early artificial neural networks — programs that are supplied with large datasets and are able to draw their own conclusions on this basis.
The AI chess computer, Deep Blue, defeated Garry Kasparov.
The future often seen in sci-fi movies got closer than ever, thanks to googling starting their work on the first self-driving car
The computer program ‘Watson’ competes in the Jeopardy quiz show, and won against human players. In doing so, Watson proves that it understands natural language and is able to answer difficult questions quickly.
Technology leaps in the hardware and software fields pave the way for artificial intelligence to enter everyday life. Powerful processors and graphics cards in computers, smartphones, and tablets give regular consumers access to AI programs. Digital assistants like Siri, Alexa, and Cortana particularly enjoy great popularity.
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