5G enables completely new services, applications and user experiences. The much-talked-about smart cities will finally come true, not immediately and at once, but in stages over the years - but all the necessary technology will be available very soon. A high-speed mobile network without delay is a prerequisite for self-driving vehicles to become part of everyday traffic. Support for delay-critical communication and remote control applications will be improved so that critical applications such as remote surgery will be securely available.
A major driver of the 5G is the Internet of Things. Already today, the 4G network enables large-scale IoT implementations as it supports NB-IoT and LTE-M technologies. NB-IoT (Narrow Band Internet of Things) and LTE-M were originally part of the 4G standard, but have since become part of the 5G IoT concept. With the help of technologies, the IoT of the mobile network supports more and more usage needs, also adapting to the requirements of low power consumption and low-cost terminal prices, as well as to more challenging coverage areas.
5G, IN SUMMARY, MEANS THIS:
Regardless of the industry, 5G technology offers companies diverse new opportunities to develop their business from the perspective of both the company's internal needs and the services provided to customers. The public interest is, for example, an increase in productivity. Better mobile network connections help businesses work faster and more productively and take full advantage of real-time data, saving costs and increasing revenue.
The main effects of 5G can be roughly classified into four main groups:
High Capacity Mobile Connections.
5G improves mobile connection speeds and response times in smartphones, homes, and corporate locations. A more efficient and better-functioning mobile connection ensures the availability of the network in various situations, for example at large public events. The new technology offers smoother immersive experiences, such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) applications. With 5G, the availability of high-speed, fiber-like connections will also expand beyond user hubs and to backup connections.
A new way of mobile work.
5G facilitates current teleworking by improving delays that interfere with teleconferencing, as well as picture and sound quality. In many tasks, real-time and high-quality video via the mobile network enable more efficient mobile work. For example, field maintenance can be performed smoothly with augmented reality technology supported by a centralized team of experts. At the construction site and the design office, an accurate 3D model can be viewed together in real time - as if all parties were at the same physical model.
With extremely reliable and low latency connections, 5G enables new services such as remote management and control of critical infrastructure, production lines, robots and vehicles.
And fourth - Massive Internet of Things.
The 5G seamlessly connects a huge number of sensors embedded in any variety of devices and objects. It is able to curb the use of mobile data and power consumption, which guarantees very cost-effective solutions. The increase in the number of sensors makes it possible to utilize real-time data more extensively to automate and develop operations.
The Internet of Things, IoT, is a key technology in the context of the fourth industrial revolution launched by digitalisation and the Internet in the 21st century. The first revolution was due to the invention of the steam engine, the second revolution was mass production, the third was caused by the invention of computers and automation. Now 5G networks are accelerating the breakthrough, and it’s not a coincidence. Much attention has been paid to the complex needs of the Internet of Things in the design of 5G's features: at the same time, the network must allow a huge number of connections to sensor devices, minimize latency and energy consumption, and guarantee a high level of data security. In addition, there has been a desire to enable business-critical applications.
The 5G roadmap contains two standards specifically related to IoT solutions:
In many business solutions, operational needs require both IoT and 5G technology to avoid bottlenecks such as latency. Such a case is, for example, an IoT device network connected to the automation of a large factory, isolated by 5G slicing, where a large number of IoT sensors of machines and devices send a huge amount of data to the network at a high capacity. However, the data is not transmitted raw to the operator's backbone network, but is processed locally and in real time by so-called edge computing. The NB-IoT and LTE-M technologies designed for the Internet of Things, which have already become available to companies in 4G networks, are also important in the 5G network. Their development continues, but as the standards evolve, the 5G network will enable completely new uses for the IoT.
A very interesting novelty related to 5G for companies is the so-called Multi-Access Edge Computing (MEC). It is becoming the most important solution for generating useful information from raw data of networked devices and sensor networks for use by applications. The idea is to process data masses at the edge of the network close to the point of use instead of sending the data to cloud computing servers. Extremely fast edge counting ensures that applications run smoothly. In addition, it prevents network congestion due to the large amount of data and users. At the same time, security is improving. When services can be brought closer to users and there is no need to retrieve data further, processing delays are reduced.
A short delay is necessary, for example, in the control of industrial processes and machines. It is required by real-time applications, which are heavily dependent on particularly low latency, require high bandwidth and a large number of continuous connections, such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence applications and AR / VR. Video content also benefits from edge computing: for example, 4K video content can be brought to the edge of the network. Edge computing at the edge of the 5G network benefits all types of customers whose business processes include delay-critical or local data-intensive services and local telecommunications. Typical applications are, for example, large factories or storage and port areas. Their machines, equipment and environment can have a huge number of IoT sensors or cameras, the data sent by them must be able to be processed quickly and the results of the calculation must be exported to the entity management software. For example, real-time image recognition from a video image can take place by edge counting and only the analyzed data is exported to the cloud.
Power plants and energy networks, as well as water utilities and water supply networks, which are critical to society's security of supply, will benefit greatly from 5G. For example, power companies and water companies are able to equip their networks with a wild number of sensors that continuously transmit information over the mobile network. Information about possible technical problems online is available immediately. When service technicians also have 5G connections in the field, they can even see as a 3D model where the fault lies. A more experienced expert or equipment supplier's representative can guide you remotely with a video connection and augmented reality on how to perform the repair.
The digital healthcare market is forecast to grow significantly due to the delay, speed and reliability of 5G. The mobile ambulance can transmit diagnostic data on the patient's vital signs and a high-quality video image, so that the hospital doctor can make a diagnosis even before the patient arrives. Situational awareness is improving. Hospital equipment and facilities can be filled with thousands of sensors that monitor patients and conditions. Internal staff communication can be routed to a fully enclosed local 5G network, which strengthens the protection of patient data privacy. Real-time remote diagnostics and even remote surgeries become possible - even haptic feedback can be transmitted to the surgeon on the mobile network, ie you can feel what is being done far away in your hands.
You can find a very good presentation on how to use 5G via the video link below.